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Height, Width, and Max-width

CSS provides properties to control the dimensions of HTML elements, including their height, width, and maximum width. These properties allow you to define the size and layout of elements, ensuring proper spacing and alignment within your web page. Let’s explore how to use CSS height, width, and max-width properties.

Height Property

The height property is used to define the height of an element. It can have values in pixels (px), percentages (%), or other length units. Here’s an example:

div {
  height: 200px;

Width Property

The width property is used to define the width of an element. It follows the same units and values as the height property. Here’s an example:

img {
  width: 100%;

Max-width Property

The max-width property limits the maximum width of an element, allowing it to scale down if necessary. It is particularly useful for responsive design, ensuring that elements do not exceed a certain width on different screen sizes. Here’s an example:

p {
  max-width: 500px;

Percentage Values

Using percentage values for height, width, and max-width allows elements to scale relative to their parent container. For example, setting width: 50% makes the element occupy half of its parent’s width.

Box Sizing

When setting the height and width properties, keep in mind the box-sizing property. By default, the content box size includes only the content itself, excluding padding and borders. You can change this behavior using the box-sizing property with a value of border-box, which includes padding and border within the specified width and height.

div {
  box-sizing: border-box;
  width: 200px;
  padding: 10px;
  border: 1px solid black;

All CSS Dimension Properties

Property Description
height Sets the height of an element
max-height Sets the maximum height of an element
max-width Sets the maximum width of an element
min-height Sets the minimum height of an element
min-width Sets the minimum width of an element
width Sets the width of an element


CSS height, width, and max-width properties allow you to control the dimensions and layout of HTML elements. By specifying values in pixels, percentages, or other length units, you can achieve the desired sizing and responsiveness. Understanding the box-sizing property is also crucial for accurately defining the overall dimensions of an element. Experiment with different values and techniques to ensure proper spacing, alignment, and visual appeal in your web page designs.

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