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JavaScript DOM

What is Document Object Model (DOM)

The Document Object Model (DOM) is an application programming interface (API) for manipulating HTML documents.

The DOM represents an HTML document as a tree of nodes. The DOM provides functions that allow you to add, remove, and modify parts of the document effectively.

Note that the DOM is cross-platform and language-independent way of manipulating HTML and XML documents.

A document as a hierarchy of nodes

The DOM represents an HTML document as a hierarchy of nodes. Consider the following HTML document:

        <title>JavaScript DOM</title>
        <p>Hello DOM!</p>

The following tree represents the above HTML document:

In this DOM tree, the document is the root node. The root node has one child node which is the <html> element. The <html> element is called the document element.

Each document can have only one document element. In an HTML document, the document element is the <html> element. Each markup can be represented by a node in the tree.

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