How Can We Help?
< All Topics

JavaScript Style

Setting inline styles

To set the inline style of an element, you use the style property of that element: 

The style property returns the read-only CSSStyleDeclaration object that contains a list of CSS properties. For example, to set the color of an element to red, you use the following code: = 'red'; 

If the CSS property contains hyphens (-) for example -webkit-text-stroke you can use the array-like notation ([]) to access the property:['-webkit-text-stock'] = 'unset'; 

The following table shows the common CSS properties:

CSS JavaScript
background background
background-attachment backgroundAttachment
background-color backgroundColor
background-image backgroundImage
background-position backgroundPosition
background-repeat backgroundRepeat
border border
border-bottom borderBottom
border-bottom-color borderBottomColor
border-bottom-style borderBottomStyle
border-bottom-width borderBottomWidth
border-color borderColor
border-left borderLeft
border-left-color borderLeftColor
border-left-style borderLeftStyle
border-left-width borderLeftWidth
border-right borderRight
border-right-color borderRightColor
border-right-style borderRightStyle
border-right-width borderRightWidth
border-style borderStyle
border-top borderTop
border-top-color borderTopColor
border-top-style borderTopStyle
border-top-width borderTopWidth
border-width borderWidth
clear clear
clip clip
color color
cursor cursor
display display
filter filter
float cssFloat
font font
font-family fontFamily
font-size fontSize
font-variant fontVariant
font-weight fontWeight
height height
left left
letter-spacing letterSpacing
line-height lineHeight
list-style listStyle
list-style-image listStyleImage
list-style-position listStylePosition
list-style-type listStyleType
margin margin
margin-bottom marginBottom
margin-left marginLeft
margin-right marginRight
margin-top marginTop
overflow overflow
padding padding
padding-bottom paddingBottom
padding-left paddingLeft
padding-right paddingRight
padding-top paddingTop
page-break-after pageBreakAfter
page-break-before pageBreakBefore
position position
stroke-dasharray strokeDasharray
stroke-dashoffset strokeDashoffset
stroke-width strokeWidth
text-align textAlign
text-decoration textDecoration
text-indent textIndent
text-transform textTransform
top top
vertical-align verticalAlign
visibility visibility
width width
z-index zIndex

To completely override the existing inline style, you set the cssText property of the style object. For example: = 'color:red;background-color:yellow'; 

Or you can use the setAttribute() method:


Once setting the inline style, you can modify one or more CSS properties: = 'blue'; 

If you do not want to completely overwrite the existing CSS properties, you can concatenate the new CSS property to the cssText as follows: += 'color:red;background-color:yellow'; 

In this case, the += operator appends the new style string to the existing one.

The following css() helper function is used to set multiple styles for an element from an object of key-value pairs:

function css(e, styles) {
    for (const property in styles)[property] = styles[property];

You can use this css() function to set multiple styles for an element with the id #content as follows:

let content = document.querySelector('#content');
css(content, { background: 'yellow', border: 'solid 1px red'}); 

The following example uses the style object to set the CSS properties of a paragraph with the id content:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>JS Style Demo</title>
    <p id="content">JavaScript Setting Style Demo!</p>
        let p = document.querySelector('#content'); = 'red'; = 'bold';

How it works:

  • First, select the paragraph element whose id is content by using the querySelector() method.
  • Then, set the color and font-weight properties of the paragraph by setting the color and fontWeight properties of the style object.

Getting inline styles

The style property returns the inline styles of an element. It is not very useful in practice because the style property doesn’t return the rules that come from elsewhere e.g., styles from an external style sheet.

To get all styles applied to an element, you should use the window.getComputedStyle() method.


  • Use the properties of object to set the inline CSS properties for the HTML element.

For further exploration and learning, please visit the following links:

Table of Contents